- / Federalnaya Sluzhba BezopasnostiAs the successor to the Federal Counter-Intelligence Service or FSK (Federal’naia sluzhba kontrrazvedki), which was itself the successor to the KGB, the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB) is the country’s primary security agency.The FSB’s responsibilities include counterintelligence, internal security, border security, counterterrorism, and surveillance, including narcotics trafficking, suppressing Chechen separatists, export control on dual-use technologies, anti-corruption, and organized crime. The agency is headquartered at Lubyanka Square in Moscow, formerly Dzerzhinsky Square after the founder of the Soviet secret police. The FSB was created by the federal law “On the Organs of the Federal Security Service in the Russian Federation” on 3 April 1995. At that time, its powers were expanded to allow agents to enter any home with sufficient reason to believe that a crime had been or is being committed. On 9 March 2004, it was subordinated to the Ministry of Justice.Unlike the KGB, which operated abroad and at home, the FSB is mostly concerned with domestic security, while the Foreign Intelligence Service is charged with overseas espionage. The major exceptions are the Newly Independent States, where the FSB does engage in counterterrorism and other activities and maintains close relations with the security services of most of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The total number of FSB employees and agents is estimated at close to 500,000; however, these statistics, as well as the organization’s budget, are state secrets. The FSB also controls the country’s nuclear weapons and has significant influence over certain sectors of the economy such as the oil industry. Throughout the 1990s and beyond, a number of Western and Russian scholars have posited a strong link between the FSB and the mafia, aimed at expanding the organization’s economic and political influence in Russia. Since 2000, the FSB has been implicated in a number of high-profile murders or attempted murders of journalists and other critics of the Kremlin, including Anna Politkovskaya. Shortly before his elevation to prime minister, Vladimir Putin, a lifelong security agent, served as head of the FSB. High-ranking members of the agency represent a core group of the so-called siloviki>, and have enjoyed substantial influence in Russian politics and the economy since Putin’s ascendance. Spetsnaz, the FSB’s Special Forces, which include the Alfa group and Vympel (Pennent), have been criticized for excessive use of force, particularly in the NordOst theater siege and the Beslan crisis.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
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FSB — may refer to:In technology: *Front side bus, a data bus that carries information between the CPU and components *Finite State Buffer, a computing termOther: *FSB (ФСБ), Russian abbreviation for the Federal Security Service of the Russian… … Wikipedia
FSB — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las siglas FSB pueden hacer referencia a: Front Side Bus, el término usado en informática para referirse al bus de datos de la CPU. Federal naya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti, el Servicio Federal de Seguridad, la agencia rusa … Wikipedia Español
FSB — steht für: fächerspezifische Bestimmung(en) rsp. fachspezifische Bestimmung(en) Front Side Bus, eine Schnittstelle im Bereich der Computerhardware Federalnaja Sluschba Besopasnosti, den russischen Inlandsgeheimdienst, siehe FSB (Geheimdienst)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
FSB — Federal naya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti (the Federal Security Service of Russia, successor organization to KGB) Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations … Law dictionary
FSB — FSB, Abk. für Frontside Bus … Universal-Lexikon
FSB — (FEDERALNAYA SLUZHBA BEZOPASNOSTI) The Federal Security Service was created by Russian President Boris Yeltsin on 21 December 1995 to place all the domestic and counterintelligence and security components of the former KGB under one roof. The… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
FSB — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sigles d’une seule lettre Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres Sigles de quatre lettres … Wikipédia en Français
FSB — Traducido de Wikipedia en Inglés. FSB son las siglas de Front Side Bus ( Bus de la parte de delante ). Es el término usado para referirse al bus de datos de la CPU. Este bus transmite toda la información que pasa desde la CPU a los demás… … Enciclopedia Universal
FSB — fire support base; forward staging base; forward support base; forward support battalion … Military dictionary
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